International Council of Ophthalmology guidelines for Diabteic Eye Care.
The International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO) developed the ICO Guidelines for Diabetic Eye Care to serve a supportive and educational role for ophthalmologists and eye care providers worldwide. They are intended to improve the quality of eye care for patients around the world.
The Guidelines address the needs and requirements for the following levels of service:
- Low-resource or resource-poor settings: Essential or core service for screening and management of DR
- Intermediate-resource settings: Mid-Level service
- Resource-rich settings: Advanced or state-of-the-art screening and management of DR
The Guidelines are designed to inform ophthalmologists about the requirements for the screening and detection of diabetic retinopathy, and the appropriate assessment and management of patients with diabetic retinopathy. The Guidelines also demonstrate the need for ophthalmologists to work with primary care providers and appropriate specialists such as endocrinologists.
With diabetes and diabetic retinopathy a rapidly increasing problem worldwide, it is vital to ensure that ophthalmologists and eye care providers are adequately prepared.
The ICO believes an ethical approach is indispensable, as it is the first step toward quality clinical practices. Download
the ICO Code of Ethics here
The Guidelines are designed to be a working document and will be updated on an ongoing basis. They were first
released in December 2013. This document was updated and reprinted in February 2014.
The ICO hopes these Guidelines are easy to read, translate, and adapt for local use. The ICO welcomes any feedback, comments, or suggestions.